[collection name]: blue and white Dragon Phoenix can
[collection type]: porcelain
[collection quantity]: one piece
[collection appreciation]: the original blue and white porcelain appeared in the Tang and Song Dynasties, while the mature blue and white porcelain appeared in the Hutian kiln of Jingdezhen in the Yuan Dynasty. Blue and white porcelain became the mainstream in Ming Dynasty, and reached its peak in Kangxi period of Qing Dynasty. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it also created and burned blue and white, peacock green glaze blue and white, bean green glaze blue and white, blue and white red color, yellow ground blue and white, Ge glaze blue and white and other derivative varieties.On the basis of Song Dynasty porcelain, which is dominated by celadon and white monochrome glaze, Yuan blue and white porcelain developed new porcelain products with blue glaze tone as the main theme and multiple patterns in the form of superimposed color composition, with new aesthetic standards and porcelain types.
Blue and white porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty greatly changed the implicit and introverted style of traditional porcelain. With distinct visual effect, it gives people a simple pleasure. The composition is full, with many levels but not chaos. The strokes are common with one stroke, smooth and powerful, and the outline and rendering are thick and calm. And with its heroic spirit and artistic original spirit, blue and white painting art to the peak, established the prosperity of blue and white porcelain of later generations.This blue-and-white dragon shaped jar of the Yuan Dynasty is porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty. Its hair color is standard indigo blue. It has a round mouth and shoulders, a short neck, a thin bottom and round feet. The whole body is white glaze like jade. Underglaze blue and white patterns are painted. The blue and white are rich in color, and the painting branches are exquisite, with clear primary and secondary.
The blue and white patterns of the Yuan Dynasty are vivid. The themes of blue and white motifs in Yuan Dynasty include characters, animals, plants, poems and so on. The figures include Gao Shitu (four love pictures), historical figures and so on; Animals include dragon and Phoenix, unicorn, mandarin duck, swimming fish, etc; The common plants are peony, lotus, orchid, Dendrolimus, Ganoderma lucidum, flower leaf, melon and fruit, etc; Poetry is rare. The petals of peony are mostly white; Dragon pattern is small head, thin neck, long body, three or four claws, back ridge, scale pattern is mostly grid shape, vigorous and fierce. Most of the auxiliary patterns are rolled grass, lotus petals, ancient coins, sea water, Huiwen, Duoyun, banana leaves, etc. The shape of lotus petals is like "braces", in which Taoist treasures are often painted; Ruyi cloud pattern is often painted with eight monsters of the sea, broken branches of lotus and tangled branches of flowers, and third-order clouds; The middle stem of banana leaf is solid; The sea water pattern is a combination of thick line and thin line.
The most common is the dragon pattern, which describes the green dragon rising in the clouds《 In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, it is said that "the dragon can be big and small, can rise and hide; The larger is the cloud, the smaller is the hidden form; Rising is flying in the universe, hidden is lurking in the waves. This spring is deep, and the Dragon ride changes with time. " The dragon is the symbol of the emperor, which means the power to reach the peak. Together with the "dragon" is also a symbol of auspicious. Although the layout of the vase is very complicated, the primary and secondary decoration is clear, which makes the blue and white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty serious and full. As for the green materials, the blue and white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty is generally divided into two colors, one is gray blue, lighter, and the other is dark blue, more gorgeous. In the traditional concept, the color of gray blue is made in China, the fetal bone is gray and the fetal body feels light; The blue one is imported. The fetal bone is white and slightly gray. It feels heavy, dense and hard. Imported green materials are used for large, medium or small yuan blue and white, while domestic cobalt materials are only used for medium and small vessels. In addition to the body, glaze and blue and white materials, firing technology is also a very important part of the porcelain manufacturing industry. The porcelain industry in Jingdezhen after the Yuan Dynasty, as described by the French missionaries who came to Jingdezhen, was "thick smoke covered the clouds in the daytime, and kiln fire reddened the night sky at night".
As the blue and white of the Yuan Dynasty is rare and precious, it is difficult for ordinary people to see its appearance, so it has been considered that most of the folk blue and white of the Yuan Dynasty are fakes in the antique industry. But as a collector said, "it is true that the number of blue and white of the Yuan Dynasty is small, but not just less than 400." Xiao Bian also agrees with this view. For example, although no exact kiln site has been found yet, the book on ancient kilns and utensils of gegu Yaolun wrote: "the Chai kiln comes out of the north, the sky is blue, moist, fine and beautiful, and there are fine lines. There are plenty of coarse loess, which is rare in modern times." Therefore, no one is sure that there is no wood kiln. Therefore, the folk saying that there is no blue and white yuan is not convincing. China is one of the four ancient civilizations in the world, and has made great contributions to the progress and development of human society. The achievements in ceramic technology and art are of special significance. In China, the emergence of ceramic technology can be traced back to the era of 4500 to 2500 BC. It can be said that an important part of the development history of the Chinese nation is the development history of ceramics.
Chinese blue and white porcelain, with its brilliant blue patterns, jade like glaze water, delicate and white clay and exquisite and ingenious shapes, has become a model for future generations to imitate with the posture of a new type of porcelain. It's really rare to collect a real blue and white porcelain.